Urology is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of male genital organs, as well as diseases of the urinary organs (kidney, urinary tract, bladder and urethra) of men and women.

Infections are among the very common diseases of the urinary system, which are accompanied by symptoms of frequent urination and sometimes a burning sensation while urinating. It most often affects females over the age of 18, and men over the age of 50. The cause in over 90% of cases is the intestinal bacterium Escherichia coli. Escherichia coli is naturally located in the final part of the large intestine, and easily passes to the external opening of the urethra, where it spreads to the bladder, the upper urinary tract all the way to the kidneys, causing urinary tract infections (UTIs). In a number of cases, particularly with women, UTIs have a tendency to be recurring. 

We can distinguish between infections of the lower parts and upper parts of the urinary system. It is especially important for pregnant women to pay attention to their urinary health, as infections of the upper parts of the urinary system must be treated in a hospital with carefully selected antibiotics, while the treatment of the lower parts of the urinary system can be treated at home.

Factors that contribute to a higher incidence of urinary tract infections are:

  1. Low immunity
  2. Diabetes mellitus
  3. The presence of sand in the urinary tract
  4. Insufficient fluid intake on a daily basis
  5. The presence of stones in the urinary tract
  6. Pregnancy

The treatment is performed by a urologist with the use of antibiotic therapy. It is also recommended to take a large amounts of fluids in order to mechanically remove bacteria from the urinary organs, with more frequent urination, and improve and strengthen the patient’s immunity.