Internal medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and treatment of diseases of internal organs, such as the heart, blood vessels, lungs, digestive organs, etc.
An internist is a doctor whose narrow specialty is internal medicine. Its biggest role is to help the patient regain his general health, and to prevent additional complications that could occur if the disease is not treated.
One of the subspecialist branches of internal medicine is gastroenterology, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive tract (stomach, small and large intestine, liver and pancreas).
In our hospital, you can have the following examinations:
Ultrasound of the abdomen – examination of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, prostate, spleen
Endoscopy – is an examination of the upper part of the digestive system – the stomach. The examination is performed using a tiny camera at the end of a long, flexible tube.
Gastroscopy – examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum by introducing a flexible instrument (gastroscope) through the oral cavity into the
esophagus, stomach and duodenum, whereby the optical fibers in the apparatus transmit light that illuminates the interior of these organs and the doctor observes a magnified image of the interior on the monitor of these organs and observes changes in the mucous membrane if they are present.
Colonoscopy – examination of the large intestine by introducing a flexible device (colonoscope) through the anus. A colonoscopy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure and takes about 60 minutes in total. The examination is performed by introducing a flexible device through the anus, where the optical fibers in the device conduct light and illuminate the inside of the intestine, and the doctor observes the intestinal mucosa on the monitor and notices changes if they are present. By gradually introducing the device, the entire colon is examined.
Rectoscopy – insight into the condition of the mucous membrane of the large intestine (hemorrhoids, polyps, tumors)